“In Remembrance of Me”
“The Lord Jesus the same night in which He was betrayed took
bread: and when He had given thanks, He brake it, and said,
Take, eat: this is My body, which is broken for you: this do in
remembrance of Me. After the same manner also He took the cup, when He
had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood: this do
ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me. For as often as ye eat
this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord’s death till He come.”
1 Cor. 11:23-26.
Christ was standing at the point of transition between two economies
and their two great festivals. He, the spotless Lamb of God, was about
to present Himself as a sin offering, that He would thus bring to an
end the system of types and ceremonies that for four thousand years had
pointed to His death. As He ate the Passover with His disciples, He
instituted in its place the service that was to be the memorial of His
great sacrifice. The national festival of the Jews was to pass away forever.
The service which Christ established was to be observed by His followers
in all lands and through all ages.
The Passover was ordained as a commemoration of the deliverance
of Israel from Egyptian bondage. God had directed that, year by year,
as the children should ask the meaning of this ordinance, the history
should be repeated. Thus the wonderful deliverance was to be kept
fresh in the minds of all. The ordinance of the Lord’s Supper was given
to commemorate the great deliverance wrought out as the result of the
death of Christ. Till He shall come the second time in power and glory,
this ordinance is to be celebrated. It is the means by which His great
work for us is to be kept fresh in our minds.
At the time of their deliverance from Egypt, the children of Israel
ate the Passover supper standing, with their loins girded, and with their
staves in their hands, ready for their journey. The manner in which
they celebrated this ordinance harmonized with their condition; for they
were about to be thrust out of the land of Egypt, and were to begin a
painful and difficult journey through the wilderness. But in Christ’s
time the condition of things had changed. They were not now about to
be thrust out of a strange country, but were dwellers in their own land.
In harmony with the rest that had been given them, the people then
partook of the Passover supper in a reclining position. Couches were
placed about the table, and the guests lay upon them, resting upon the
left arm, and having the right hand free for use in eating. In this position
a guest could lay his head upon the breast of the one who sat next
above him. And the feet, being at the outer edge of the couch, could be
washed by one passing around the outside of the circle.
Christ is still at the table on which the paschal supper has been
spread. The unleavened cakes used at the Passover season are before Him.
The Passover wine, untouched by fermentation, is on the table. These
emblems Christ employs to represent His own unblemished sacrifice.
Nothing corrupted by fermentation, the symbol of sin and death, could
represent the “Lamb without blemish and without spot.” 1 Peter 1:19.
“And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake
it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is My body. And
He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink
ye all of it; for this is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for
many for the remission of sins. But I say unto you, I will not drink
henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new
with you in My Father’s kingdom.”
Judas the betrayer was present at the sacramental service. He received
from Jesus the emblems of His broken body and His spilled blood. He
heard the words, “This do in remembrance of Me.” And sitting there
in the very presence of the Lamb of God, the betrayer brooded upon his
own dark purposes, and cherished his sullen, revengeful thoughts.
At the feet washing, Christ had given convincing proof that He
understood the character of Judas. “Ye are not all clean” (John 13:11),
He said. These words convinced the false disciple that Christ read his
secret purpose. Now Christ spoke out more plainly. As they were seated
at the table He said, looking upon His disciples, “I speak not of you all:
I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He
that eateth bread with Me hath lifted up his heel against Me.”
Even now the disciples did not suspect Judas. But they saw that
Christ appeared greatly troubled. A cloud settled over them all, a
premonition of some dreadful calamity, the nature of which they did not
understand. As they ate in silence, Jesus said, “Verily I say unto you,
that one of you shall betray Me.” At these words amazement and
consternation seized them. They could not comprehend how any one
of them could deal treacherously with their divine Teacher. For what
cause could they betray Him? and to whom? Whose heart could give
birth to such a design? Surely not one of the favored twelve, who had
been privileged above all others to hear His teachings, who had shared
His wonderful love, and for whom He had shown such great regard by
bringing them into close communion with Himself!
As they realized the import of His words, and remembered how
true His sayings were, fear and self-distrust seized them. They began
to search their own hearts to see if one thought against their Master were
harbored there. With the most painful emotion, one after another inquired,
“Lord, is it I?” But Judas sat silent. John in deep distress at last
inquired, “Lord, who is it?” And Jesus answered, “He that dippeth his
hand with Me in the dish, the same shall betray Me. The Son of man
goeth as it is written of Him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son
of man is betrayed! it had been good for that man if he had not been
born.” The disciples had searched one another’s faces closely as they
asked, “Lord, is it I?” And now the silence of Judas drew all eyes to
him. Amid the confusion of questions and expressions of astonishment,
Judas had not heard the words of Jesus in answer to John’s question.
But now, to escape the scrutiny of the disciples, he asked as they had
done, “Master, is it I?” Jesus solemnly replied, “Thou hast said.”
In surprise and confusion at the exposure of his purpose, Judas rose
hastily to leave the room. “Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest,
do quickly. . . . He then having received the sop went immediately
out: and it was night.” Night it was to the traitor as he turned away
from Christ into the outer darkness.
Until this step was taken, Judas had not passed beyond the possibility
of repentance. But when he left the presence of his Lord and his
fellow disciples, the final decision had been made. He had passed the
Wonderful had been the long-suffering of Jesus in His dealing with
this tempted soul. Nothing that could be done to save Judas had been
left undone. After he had twice covenanted to betray his Lord, Jesus
still gave him opportunity for repentance. By reading the secret purpose
of the traitor’s heart, Christ gave to Judas the final, convincing evidence
of His divinity. This was to the false disciple the last call to repentance.
No appeal that the divine-human heart of Christ could make had been
spared. The waves of mercy, beaten back by stubborn pride, returned in
a stronger tide of subduing love. But although surprised and alarmed at
the discovery of his guilt, Judas became only the more determined. From
the sacramental supper he went out to complete the work of betrayal.
In pronouncing the woe upon Judas, Christ also had a purpose of
mercy toward His disciples. He thus gave them the crowning evidence
of His Messiahship. “I tell you before it come,” He said, “that, when
it is come to pass, ye may believe that I AM.” Had Jesus remained
silent, in apparent ignorance of what was to come upon Him, the disciples
might have thought that their Master had not divine foresight, and
had been surprised and betrayed into the hands of the murderous mob.
A year before, Jesus had told the disciples that He had chosen twelve,
and that one was a devil. Now His words to Judas, showing that his
treachery was fully known to his Master, would strengthen the faith of
Christ’s true followers during His humiliation. And when Judas should
have come to his dreadful end, they would remember the woe that Jesus
had pronounced upon the betrayer.
And the Saviour had still another purpose. He had not withheld His
ministry from him whom He knew to be a traitor. The disciples did not
understand His words when He said at the feet washing, “Ye are not all
clean,” nor yet when at the table He declared, “He that eateth bread with
Me hath lifted up his heel against Me.” John 13:11, 18. But afterward,
when His meaning was made plain, they had something to consider as
to the patience and mercy of God toward the most grievously erring.
Though Jesus knew Judas from the beginning, He washed his feet.
And the betrayer was privileged to unite with Christ in partaking of the
sacrament. A long-suffering Saviour held out every inducement for the
sinner to receive Him, to repent, and to be cleansed from the defilement
of sin. This example is for us. When we suppose one to be in error
and sin, we are not to divorce ourselves from him. By no careless
separation are we to leave him a prey to temptation, or drive him upon
Satan’s battleground. This is not Christ’s method. It was because the
disciples were erring and faulty that He washed their feet, and all but
one of the twelve were thus brought to repentance.
Christ’s example forbids exclusiveness at the Lord’s Supper. It is true
that open sin excludes the guilty. This the Holy Spirit plainly teaches.
1 Cor. 5:11. But beyond this none are to pass judgment. God has not left
it with men to say who shall present themselves on these occasions. For
who can read the heart? Who can distinguish the tares from the wheat?
“Let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink
of that cup.” For “whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of
the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.”
“He that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation
to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body.” 1 Cor. 11:28, 27, 29.
When believers assemble to celebrate the ordinances, there are present
messengers unseen by human eyes. There may be a Judas in the company,
and if so, messengers from the prince of darkness are there, for
they attend all who refuse to be controlled by the Holy Spirit. Heavenly
angels also are present. These unseen visitants are present on every
such occasion. There may come into the company persons who are
not in heart servants of truth and holiness, but who may wish to take
part in the service. They should not be forbidden. There are witnesses
present who were present when Jesus washed the feet of the disciples
and of Judas. More than human eyes beheld the scene.
Christ by the Holy Spirit is there to set the seal to His own ordinance.
He is there to convict and soften the heart. Not a look, not a thought
of contrition, escapes His notice. For the repentant, brokenhearted one
He is waiting. All things are ready for that soul’s reception. He who
washed the feet of Judas longs to wash every heart from the stain of sin.
None should exclude themselves from the Communion because some
who are unworthy may be present. Every disciple is called upon to participate
publicly, and thus bear witness that he accepts Christ as a personal
Saviour. It is at these, His own appointments, that Christ meets His people,
and energizes them by His presence. Hearts and hands that are unworthy
may even administer the ordinance, yet Christ is there to minister
to His children. All who come with their faith fixed upon Him will be
greatly blessed. All who neglect these seasons of divine privilege will
suffer loss. Of them it may appropriately be said, “Ye are not all clean.”
In partaking with His disciples of the bread and wine, Christ pledged
Himself to them as their Redeemer. He committed to them the new
covenant, by which all who receive Him become children of God, and
joint heirs with Christ. By this covenant every blessing that heaven
could bestow for this life and the life to come was theirs. This covenant
deed was to be ratified with the blood of Christ. And the administration
of the Sacrament was to keep before the disciples the infinite sacrifice
made for each of them individually as a part of the great whole of fallen
But the Communion service was not to be a season of sorrowing.
This was not its purpose. As the Lord’s disciples gather about His
table, they are not to remember and lament their shortcomings. They
are not to dwell upon their past religious experience, whether that
experience has been elevating or depressing. They are not to recall the
differences between them and their brethren. The preparatory service
has embraced all this. The self-examination, the confession of sin, the
reconciling of differences, has all been done. Now they come to meet
with Christ. They are not to stand in the shadow of the cross, but in
its saving light. They are to open the soul to the bright beams of the
Sun of Righteousness. With hearts cleansed by Christ’s most precious
blood, in full consciousness of His presence, although unseen, they are
to hear His words, “Peace I leave with you, My peace I give unto you:
not as the world giveth, give I unto you.” John 14:27.
Our Lord says, Under conviction of sin, remember that I died for
you. When oppressed and persecuted and afflicted for My sake and the
gospel’s, remember My love, so great that for you I gave My life. When
your duties appear stern and severe, and your burdens too heavy to bear,
remember that for your sake I endured the cross, despising the shame.
When your heart shrinks from the trying ordeal, remember that your
Redeemer liveth to make intercession for you.
The Communion service points to Christ’s second coming. It was
designed to keep this hope vivid in the minds of the disciples. Whenever
they met together to commemorate His death, they recounted how “He
took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all
of it; for this is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many
for the remission of sins. But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth
of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in
My Father’s kingdom.” In their tribulation they found comfort in the
hope of their Lord’s return. Unspeakably precious to them was the
thought, “As often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show
the Lord’s death till He come.” 1 Cor. 11:26.
These are the things we are never to forget. The love of Jesus, with
its constraining power, is to be kept fresh in our memory. Christ
has instituted this service that it may speak to our senses of the love
of God that has been expressed in our behalf. There can be no union
between our souls and God except through Christ. The union and love
between brother and brother must be cemented and rendered eternal
by the love of Jesus. And nothing less than the death of Christ could
make His love efficacious for us. It is only because of His death that
we can look with joy to His second coming. His sacrifice is the center
of our hope. Upon this we must fix our faith.
The ordinances that point to our Lord’s humiliation and suffering are
regarded too much as a form. They were instituted for a purpose. Our
senses need to be quickened to lay hold of the mystery of godliness. It
is the privilege of all to comprehend, far more than we do, the expiatory
sufferings of Christ. “As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness,”
even so has the Son of man been lifted up, “that whosoever believeth
in Him should not perish, but have eternal life.” John 3:14, 15. To
the cross of Calvary, bearing a dying Saviour, we must look. Our eternal
interests demand that we show faith
Our Lord has said, “Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and
drink His blood, ye have no life in you. . . . For My flesh is meat indeed,
and My blood is drink indeed.” John 6:53-55. This is true of our physical
nature. To the death of Christ we owe even this earthly life. The
bread we eat is the purchase of His broken body. The water we drink is
bought by His spilled blood. Never one, saint or sinner, eats his daily
food, but he is nourished by the body and the blood of Christ. The
cross of Calvary is stamped on every loaf. It is reflected in every water
spring. All this Christ has taught in appointing the emblems of His
great sacrifice. The light shining from that Communion service in the
upper chamber makes sacred the provisions for our daily life. The family
board becomes as the table of the Lord, and every meal a sacrament.
And how much more are Christ’s words true of our spiritual nature.
He declares, “Whoso eateth My flesh, and drinketh My blood, hath
eternal life.” It is by receiving the life for us poured out on Calvary’s
cross, that we can live the life of holiness. And this life we receive by
receiving His word, by doing those things which He has commanded.
Thus we become one with Him. “He that eateth My flesh,” He says,
“and drinketh My blood, dwelleth in Me, and I in him. As the living
Father hath sent Me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth Me,
even he shall live by Me.” John 6:54, 56, 57. To the holy Communion
this scripture in a special sense applies. As faith contemplates our Lord’s
great sacrifice, the soul assimilates the spiritual life of Christ. That soul
will receive spiritual strength from every Communion. The service
forms a living connection by which the believer is bound up with Christ,
and thus bound up with the Father. In a special sense it forms a connection
between dependent human beings and God.
As we receive the bread and wine symbolizing Christ’s broken body
and spilled blood, we in imagination join in the scene of Communion
in the upper chamber. We seem to be passing through the garden
consecrated by the agony of Him who bore the sins of the world. We
witness the struggle by which our reconciliation with God was obtained.
Christ is set forth crucified among us.
Looking upon the crucified Redeemer, we more fully comprehend
the magnitude and meaning of the sacrifice made by the Majesty of
heaven. The plan of salvation is glorified before us, and the thought
of Calvary awakens living and sacred emotions in our hearts. Praise to
God and the Lamb will be in our hearts and on our lips; for pride
and self-worship cannot flourish in the soul that keeps fresh in memory
the scenes of Calvary.
He who beholds the Saviour’s matchless love will be elevated in
thought, purified in heart, transformed in character. He will go forth
to be a light to the world, to reflect in some degree this mysterious love.
The more we contemplate the cross of Christ, the more fully shall we
adopt the language of the apostle when he said, “God forbid that I
should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the
world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world.” Gal. 6:14.
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